Marilyn Monroe is a hollywood iconic symbol and the mostfamous blonde in history, which even the americanpresident could not resist.her success story is called a fairy tale aboutcinderella, and movies about her life arestill being shot.but was marilyn monroe truly happy?
what hides her charming, carefree smile? there were three divorces, abuse, thehumiliation of producers, drug addiction, and several miscarriages.and this is not a complete list.the life of marilyn monroe is a series oftragic and mysterious events, ups and downs.and today, on the biographer channel, we willtry to figure out who this amazing woman was.
childhood and youththe future star was born on june 1, 1926 inlos angeles.not everyone knows, but marilyn monroe wasa pseudonym.her real name was norma jeane mortenson.the girl owed her name to two famous hollywoodactresses – norma talmadge and jean harlow.her mother, gladys pearl baker, worked asan assistant editor and film negative cutter.
for a long time, it was not known who norma’sreal father was.in her birth certificate, gladys’ second husband, martin mortenson, was named as her father, but the woman left him even before she foundout about the pregnancy.
later, another version of paternity arose, repeatedly named by norma’s mother.she claimed that charles stanley gifford, an employee of consolidated studios, withwhom she had a short-lived affair, was thegirl’s father.her words were finally confirmed in april2022.
there was a dna test, while working on thedocumentary marilyn, her final secret.it was based on a lock of monroe’s hair obtainedfrom an auctioneer and a saliva sample fromcharles stanley gifford’s great-grandchild, and proved the theory.gladys baker was hardly a good mother.
her two children from her first marriage weretaken by her husband, having achieved fullcustody.and the situation has not changed much withthe third child.being a party lover, she didn’t want to dedicateher life to nappies and rattles.in addition, her mother was far from idealand advised her to give the baby to someone.
therefore, the woman quickly got rid of herdaughter at the age of two weeks, giving herinto the care of a foster family, which hada family-type orphanage.it was a common practice back then.ida and albert bolender were very pious people, and the girl was brought up with strict moralprinciples.any entertainment was forbidden in the house.for example, they thought that cinema wasa diabolical temptation.
the couple was sure that cinemagoers wouldreceive a ticket to the first place in hellas a bonus.inset quote: ‘you see, i was broughtup differently from the average american childbecause the average child is brought up expectingto be happy.’however, we can not say that gladys completelyabandoned the child.
she fully paid for the girl’s maintenanceand visited her daughter on weekends.those few hours a week spent with her motherwere a breath of fresh air for norma.gladys, at least, allowed herself to be calledmom, in contrast to the pointedly cold auntida.
however, the mother’s lifestyle and behaviorwere so different from what norma was taughtin the foster family that the child felt dissonance.the only girl’s friend was a stray dog namedtippy, whom the bolenders allowed her to keep.but the happiness did not last long.after norma turned seven, a neighbor shottippy because the dog often barked loudly.
poor norma cried for days.shortly, gladys took her daughter to livewith her.however, do not rush to rejoice because thereason for that was not awakened maternalinstinct at all.having a small child allowed her to take outa loan for a house near the hollywood bowl, but for that, she had to raise her daughterherself.
having moved into a new house with norma, the woman also took a couple of actors asguests to improve her financial situation.at first, it was difficult for the child toget used to the new way of life.
norma was surrounded by people whose worldview was different from her previous mentors.if the bolenders strictly forbade cinema, gladys and her guests idolized it.one day, her mother showed her a photographof a man whom she called her real father.it was the same charles stanley gifford.
for a little girl, deprived of her father’slove, that photo became a kind of unattainabledream, which she would chase all her adultlife.she would look for fatherly love in everyman she met, trying to make up for what shelacked as a child.
although norma lived with her mother, shewas left to her own.at school, the girl quickly fell into thecategory of lagging.gladys was distracted from raising a childnot only by partying, but also by her psychologicalstate.there was a belief in her family that allits members sooner or later went crazy.
gladys was terrified of inheriting that curse, and her fear was so strong that the womangradually began to withdraw into herself.plus, difficult life circumstances led herto a nervous breakdown in 1934. one day, eight-year-old norma witnessed hermother kicking and screaming wildly beforecalling the police.the woman was taken to a psychiatric clinic, where she was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia.
norma was once again homeless and withoutprotection.inset quote: the lack of any consistent loveand caring.a mistrust and fear of the world was the result.there were no benefits except what it couldteach me about the basic needs of the young, the sick and the weak i have great feelingfor all the persecuted ones in the world.'(marilyn monroe)norma was threatened with an orphanage, but, to her great joy, grace mckee, gladys’ bestfriend, with whom they worked together atthe film studio, took custody of the girl.the woman fell in love with the girl and treatedher like her own daughter.
grace instilled in norma’s young head theidea that she should become an actress.so it is not true that monroe became an actressby accident.the woman bought her beautiful dresses anddid not get tired of repeating how beautifulshe was.grace, like her friend, took norma to theatersand her work to introduce her to filmmaking.grace opened the doors to the fascinatingworld of cinema for her.everyone was happy, loved and rich there, unlike norma.unfortunately, the girl’s misadventures didnot end.grace soon married erwin goddard, and he broughta daughter from his first marriage into thehouse.
the family was sorely lacking money, so erwinbegan to persuade his wife to hand over herstepdaughter to an orphanage.she was not her daughter, after all.after another quarrel, he still managed toinsist on his own.reluctantly, grace took norma to the orphanage, but continued to visit her every saturday.
another betrayal of an adult, the ridiculeof other children from full-fledged families, and loneliness greatly affected norma’s psyche.she would carry that trauma through the years.around the same time, monroe was for the first time.
having already become famous, she talked abouta certain man named mr kimmel (she used afake name for him) who called her into hisroom one night, locked the door, and thensaid, “now you can’t escape.”monroe never specified what exactly happenednext.when the girl turned 11, erwin got a goodjob and grace, who was still very attachedto norma, took her back.
however, the stepfather was not pleased withthat.one evening, while grace was at work, erwingot drunk, burst into norma’s room and triedto rape her.however, when grace found out what had happened, she didn’t react as norma expected.grace blamed the girl for everything.allegedly, she provoked the man.it’s classic, don’t you think?
that incident left the victim with a stutter, which she would try to get rid of for a longtime.grace found norma’s great-aunt and sent thegirl to her.despite the incident, the woman continuedto communicate with norma and even gave hernew guardian a dollar or two to support thegirl.did it make her life easier?of course not.
moreover, around 1938, norma was forced intoan intimate relationship by a cousin.the details were unknown, but one could onlyimagine how the young girl, who had no oneto complain to, felt.from that house, norma moved to other relatives.a lonely girl, who was an orphan with a livingmother, was increasingly immersed in dreamsof the magical world of cinema, spending allher pocket money on going to the cinema.
inset quote: some of my foster families usedto send me to the movies to get me out ofthe house and there i ‘d sit all day and wayinto the night.up in front, there with the screen so big, a little kid all alone, and i loved it.surely, norma already, at that moment, dreamedof being on the other side of the magic screen, delighting and surprising the viewer.one day it will happen
.in the meantime, we have not yet come to thispoint, so you can write in the comments whichmarilyn’s films you like the most.we are interested in your opinion.at the age of 12, norma jeane found out thatshe had an older half-sister, berniece.delighted by that discovery, the girl beganto correspond with her sister, establishinga relationship that would last until the lastdays of monroe.when she turned 15, norma found herself ina difficult situation.
she could no longer be supported by her guardians, and grace and her husband had to move to anotherstate.to escape returning to the orphanage, normamarried her neighbor, whom she had been datingfor some time, james dougherty.he was five years older than her, quite handsomeand decent, but there was no question of greatlove.
“i was greatly attracted to him as one ofthe few young men i had no repulsionfor, – marilyn wrote in her diary, – “besideswhich it gave me a false sense of securityto feel that he was endowed with more overwelmingqualities which i did not possess– on paperit all begins to sound terribly logical butthe secret midnight meetings the fugetiveglance stolen in others company the sharingof the ocean, moon & stars and air alonenessmade it a romantic adventure which a young, rather shy girl who didn’t always give thatimpression because of her desire to belong & develope can thrive on– i had always felta need to live up to that expectation of myelders.
“marriage meant that she would have to dropout of school.in the future, norma would regret her decisionmore than once and suffer from an inferioritycomplex.
in the meantime, she was mastering her newrole as a housewife.did the girl enjoy it?we don’t think so.the longer their marriage with james lasted, the more distant her acting career dreamswere.who knows how her life would have turned outif in 1942, at the height of the second worldwar, james had not joined the merchant marine.the husband went to the navy, and norma, onthe advice of her mother-in-law, got a jobat the radioplane ammunition factory, mainlybecause it was close to home.the future marilyn monroe worked on the assemblyline, first as a gutter layer and then asa glue sprayer.many people know about the next event in herlife.
in 1945, an army photographer, david conover, came to the factory and was commissioned totake morale-boosting photographs of factorygirls for the army magazine yank.he noticed the pretty 19-year-old norma andmade her the main character of the report.having developed the film, conover was sodelighted with the result that he even returnedto the factory to convince the girl of hertalent and offer her to work as a fashionmodel.norma was over the moon.
finally, someone paid attention to her.the future events were not very similar tothe fairy tale about cinderella, as some articlesabout monroe liked to call it.career startnorma jeane didn’t become famous overnight.she didn’t get a million dollars in a bankaccount and a dream role.
she just left the factory and started workingas a fashion model.likewise, she was just like thousands of othergirls in america.her husband was not delighted with that idea, but norma was already unstoppable.conover held a photo shoot for her, afterwhich he helped the girl contact the bluebook modelling agency in los angeles.
according to the recollections of the agencyowner, marilyn began her studies as the weakest.but she worked harder than anyone.and her stubborn desire to become better soonbegan to bear fruit.the girl became a popular model.
in just half a year, pictures of norma appearedin more than 30 magazines.eve arnold, a photographer who would takemany famous pictures of marilyn monroe inthe future, said: inset quote: “at photo sessions, she was intotal control.she manipulated everything – me, the camera.she knew a lot about cameras and i had nevermet anyone who could make them respond theway she did.
“as you may have noticed, norma jeane has notbeen blonde since birth.the agents persuaded the girl to dye her haira lighter color, since blondes could get morejob offers.she obeyed.she was ready to do everything for her dream.over the next few years, the girl would try12 different shades of gold before choosingher signature hair color.but the work of the model was not enough forher.
norma still dreamed of a film.in 1946, the agency gave her a screen testat twentieth century-fox. and they choose norma!the studio offered the girl a contract.she was supposed to receive 75 dollars a week, regardless of whether she starred in a filmor not.
before signing the contract, the head of thestudio casting department, ben lyon, callednorma to talk.he stated that norma jeane mortenson was nota name for a movie star.it didn’t take long to decide on a surname.norma decided to borrow it from her grandmother, monroe.
the name was more difficult.they tried many options until lyon suggested”marilyn”. why?he once knew an actress named marilyn, andshe looked a lot like norma.that is how marilyn monroe was born.the image that norma jeane mortenson woulddiligently play for the rest of her days.
in the meantime, her relationship with herhusband had deteriorated.james wanted a big family and saw his wifeas a classic homemaker.and norma had not tried to match that imagefor a long time.therefore, in the same 1946, the couple divorced.
it would seem that she received her ticketto the big leagues.but it was far from fame and main roles.for the entire time of her contract, she starredin only two supporting roles.by the way, during the filming, somethingunexpected happened.it turned out that a charming girl who haddreamed of becoming an actress all her lifewas afraid of a movie camera.
she was horrified at the thought of doingsomething wrong.that problem would torment her even when marilynbecame a famous and experienced actress.when there was no work, she still did notwaste time in vain, but studied hard.three hours a day, marilyn was engaged inacting.
then she had lunch.after that, she spent an hour in dance classes, an hour in vocals, and another hour in fencing.then, on a full-scale site, she was engagedin horseback riding.it wasn’t enough for her to be a pretty actress.marilyn eagerly absorbed knowledge, dreamingof one day becoming a professional worthyof serious roles.
ben lyon recalled: inset quote: i once asked her: marilyn, whydo you work out so much?you call other girls at 11 in the morning, and they are still sleeping off after yesterday’sparty.she replied: mr lyon, i work hard becauseone day chance will knock on my door, andi want to be ready.(ben lyon)and the chance didn’t want to knock.her contract was coming to an end, and therewere no new offers.
the reason turned out to be banal.marilyn did not like darryl zanuck, the headof the studio.ironic, because he was famous for his loveof starlets.marilyn was not zanuck’s type and irritatedhim greatly.the young actress did not fit into his conceptof a successful film, “make good consumergoods.”according to zanuck, she was not attractiveenough for consumer films and not professionalenough for serious cinema.
in 1947, marilyn’s contract ended, and thestudio was not going to renew it.then she realized all the rigidity of theindustry she got into.there was a huge amount of young, pretty girls.second attemptmarilyn was depressed, but she was not goingto give up.
she briefly returned to working as a fashionmodel.but all her thoughts were about how to returnto the film industry.then monroe had to do what was expected ofevery young, pretty actress who wanted toget her part.she must sleep with anyone who could openthe door to the cinema for her.inset quote: god, i so wanted to become better, to change, to learn.